This paper presents the results of a numerical and experimental investigation of the unsteady pressure field in a three-stage model of a high pressure steam turbine. Unsteady surface pressure measurements were taken on a first and second stage stator blade, respectively. The measurements in the blade passage were supplemented by time resolved measurements between the blade rows. The explanation of the origin of the unsteady pressure fluctuations was supported by unsteady three-dimensional computational fluid dynamic calculations of which the most extensive calculation was performed over two stages. The mechanisms affecting the unsteady pressure field were: the potential field frozen to the upstream blade row, the pressure waves originating from changes in the potential pressure field, the convected unsteady velocity field, and the passage vortex of the upstream blade row. One-dimensional pressure waves and the unsteady variation of the pitchwise pressure gradient due to the changing velocity field were the dominant mechanisms influencing the magnitude of the surface pressure fluctuations. The magnitude of these effects had not been previously anticipated to be more important than other recognized effects.
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Unsteady Surface Pressure in a Three-Stage Model of an Axial High Pressure Turbine
Kachel, C. E., and Denton, J. D. (March 1, 2004). "Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Unsteady Surface Pressure in a Three-Stage Model of an Axial High Pressure Turbine." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2006; 128(2): 261–272. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1860378
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