Comparison of heat transfer performance of a nonaxisymmetric contoured endwall to a planar baseline endwall in the presence of leakage flow through stator–rotor rim seal interface and mateface gap is reported in this paper. Heat transfer experiments were performed on a high turning turbine airfoil passage at Virginia Tech's transonic blow down cascade facility under design conditions for two leakage flow configurations—(1) mateface blowing only, (2) simultaneous coolant injection from the upstream slot and mateface gap. Coolant to mainstream mass flow ratios (MFRs) were 0.35% for mateface blowing only, whereas for combination blowing, a 1.0% MFR was chosen from upstream slot and 0.35% MFR from mateface. A common source of coolant supply to the upstream slot and mateface plenum made sure the coolant temperatures were identical at both upstream slot and mateface gap at the injection location. The contoured endwall geometry was generated to minimize secondary aerodynamic losses. Transient infrared thermography technique was used to measure endwall surface temperature and a linear regression method was developed for simultaneous calculation of heat transfer coefficient (HTC) and adiabatic cooling effectiveness, assuming a one-dimensional (1D) semi-infinite transient conduction. Results indicate reduction in local hot spot regions near suction side as well as area averaged HTC using the contoured endwall compared to baseline endwall for all coolant blowing cases. Contoured geometry also shows better coolant coverage further along the passage. Detailed interpretation of the heat transfer results along with near endwall flow physics has also been discussed.
Heat Transfer Performance of a Transonic Turbine Blade Passage in the Presence of Leakage Flow Through Upstream Slot and Mateface Gap With Endwall Contouring
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received August 2, 2017; final manuscript received August 28, 2017; published online October 3, 2017. Editor: Kenneth Hall.
Roy, A., Jain, S., Ekkad, S. V., Ng, W., Lohaus, A. S., Crawford, M. E., and Abraham, S. (October 3, 2017). "Heat Transfer Performance of a Transonic Turbine Blade Passage in the Presence of Leakage Flow Through Upstream Slot and Mateface Gap With Endwall Contouring." ASME. J. Turbomach. December 2017; 139(12): 121006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037909
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